What is CBPR?
Community-Based Participatory Research
Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR), sometimes called community-engaged research or community-partnered research, is an alternative to “traditional” scientific research. Traditionally, research is led solely by academics. CBPR involves community partners with equal decision-making power, mutual ownership of the research processes and products, and a focus on solving community problems and improving practice.
Traditional Research vs. CBPR
(Table adapted from Horowitz, et al. 2009)
|Traditional Research||Community-Based Participatory Research|
|Usually Led By||Outside expert||Community & Academic Partner|
|Purpose||Develop new knowledge||Solve community problems, improve practice|
|Types of Data Gathered||Quantitative and/or qualitative||Quantitative and/or qualitative|
|Purpose of Gathering and Analyzing Data||Gain better understanding of something, develop or test hypothesis||Explore practical issue, guide action planning, evaluate results|
|Standard for quality research||Peer review methods and results||The research results in desired change|
|Primary audience||Other researchers, the profession, government or private agencies||Members of the community|
|Common Products||Academic Journals, Presentations||Community Research Briefs, Community Forums, Community action plans|
CBPR in real life
Watch this 3 minute video from the University of California San Francisco on what CBPR looks like in action.
Key Principles of CBPR
A collaborative approach to research that equitably involves all partners in the research process and recognizes the unique strengths that each brings. CBPR begins with a research topic of importance to the community and has the aim of combining knowledge with action and achieving social change…